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Exploring Lebanon: Land of Historical Heritages and Breathtaking Nature

Lebanon is a beautiful country located in the Middle East, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west and surrounded by Syria and Israel. Despite its small size, Lebanon offers a unique blend of history, culture and natural beauty.

It was the ancient homeland of the Phoenicians, known for their seafaring prowess and influential city-states such as Tyre, Sidon and Byblos. Over time, Lebanon came under the rule of various empires, including the Assyrians, Persians and Greeks led by Alexander the Great and the Romans.

Lebanon’s historical narrative also includes its role as a significant centre for early Christian communities in the 1st century AD, followed by the Arab Muslim conquest in the 7th century, leading to Islam becoming the predominant religion. During the Ottoman Empire, which spanned from the 16th to the early 20th century, Lebanon experienced relative stability and economic prosperity.

After World War I, Lebanon was placed under French mandate, fostering a period of growing nationalism and a desire for independence. In 1943, Lebanon gained its independence from France, but it was later marred by a devastating civil war that erupted in 1975. This complex conflict, fueled by political and sectarian tensions, endured for 15 years.

The civil war concluded in 1990 with the signing of the Taif Agreement, which aimed to restore stability and establish power-sharing mechanisms among Lebanon’s sects. However, Lebanon continues to grapple with ongoing challenges such as political instability, regional conflicts, economic difficulties, and an influx of refugees. Despite these challenges, Lebanon’s allure lies in its unique amalgamation of historical heritage, diverse culture, and breathtaking natural landscapes. Visitors are captivated by its charming cities, ancient ruins, vibrant traditions and stunning coastal and mountainous scenery.

Join us on an extraordinary trip to Lebanon from Friday, 1 to Friday, 8 December 2023 which will be led by Khun Kanitha Kasina-Ubol, Managing Director of The Siam Society. On this journey, we will visit renowned historical sites such as the Roman temples of Baalbek, the ancient towns of Tyre, Sidon, Byblos and the vibrant capital city of Beirut.

In addition to the historical treasures, we will also explore Lebanon’s natural wonders, venture into the majestic Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab), witness the ancient cedar trees that have become symbols of Lebanon’s strength and beauty and delve into the serene Kadisha Valley, a place of awe-inspiring landscapes and spiritual significance.


Friday, 1 to Friday, 8 December 2023


Ms Kanitha Kasina-Ubol

Managing Director of The Siam Society


The tentative programme will be as follows:

Day 1: Friday, 1 December 2023: Bangkok        
23.30 Meet at Suvarnabhumi International Airport and check in at the Emirates Airline counter.
Day 2: Saturday, 2 December 2023: Bangkok – Dubai – Beirut
02.00 Depart Bangkok for Dubai by Emirates Airline flight EK733
06.00 Arrive at Dubai International Airport and transfer for the flight to Beirut
07.30 Depart Dubai for Beirut by Emirates Airline flight EK957


Arrive at Rafic Hariri International Airport – Beirut and transfer to the city centre.

City tour orientation by bus. Drive along the Corniche, a seaside promenade that stretches along the coast of Beirut and offers panoramic views of the city and the Mediterranean Sea. View the Pigeon Rocks. These iconic rock formations are a popular destination for tourists that offer stunning views of the Mediterranean Sea.

Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant
Afternoon: Visit the National Museum of Beirut which is home to over 100,000 artefacts and exhibits that showcase Lebanon’s rich history and cultural heritage. See the Phoenician Alphabet Tablet, ancient Roman sculptures, stone coffins with fine reliefs, and many other relics of the Iron Age.

Check in at Radisson Blu Hotel Beirut Verdun in Beirut

Dinner and overnight at the hotel

Day 3: Sunday, 3 December 2023: Beirut – Deir Al-Qamar – Beirut       
Breakfast at the hotel


Proceed to visit the Beiteddine Palace, a 19th-century palace that once used to be the government building of the Ottoman Empire. Now, half of the palace is open to tourists and the other half is served as the summer palace for Lebanon’s president and

Visit Deir Al-Qamar, a small village known for its long history and picturesque scenery. Wander along the quiet pebble streets, lined with stone houses with delicate gardens.

Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant





Return to Beirut

Sightseeing in Beirut. Visit Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque, a beautiful mosque, a symbol of Lebanon’s religious diversity that features stunning architecture and intricate details and Saint Georges Maronite Church, a 19th-century architectural masterpiece. Visit Beirut Souks, a lively shopping district brimming with charming boutique shops and luxury fashion stores. Then, visit Saint George Orthodox Church, an exquisite representation of Byzantine architecture that has graced the heart of the city since the 18th century. This significant religious site holds great importance for the Orthodox community in Lebanon. Discover the remains of the Roman Bath and marvel at the historical significance of this archaeological site.


Dinner at a local restaurant

Overnight at Radisson Blu Hotel Beirut Verdun in Beirut

Day 4: Monday, 4 December 2023: Beirut – Jeita Grotto – Harissa – Byblos          
Breakfast at hotel




Check out of the hotel

Heading north to visit the mesmerising Jeita Grotto, located in Jeita Town’s Nahr al-Kalb Valley, these ancient karstic caves are a true natural wonder. We will ascend to the upper cave using a scenic cable car ride and have the opportunity to explore its magnificent formations. Inside the cave, take a boat tour to see the beauty of the underground river.

Continue the journey to the mountain road that leads us to Harissa. Ascending to the heights via the gondola lift for the breathtaking panoramic view of Jounieh Bay and the iconic pilgrimage site.

Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant





Proceed further north to the remarkable city of Byblos, a significant trading centre in the Mediterranean region during antiquity and renowned as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities and a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore its historic treasures, including Ancient Castle, Church of St. John, Roman Amphitheatre and Enchanting Old Souks.

Dinner at a local restaurant

Overnight at Byblos Sur Mer Hotel in Byblos


Day 5: Tuesday 5 December 2023: Byblos – Qadisha Valley – Bsharri – Beirut
Breakfast at the hotel



Check out of the hotel and proceed to visit the wonders of the Qadisha Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1998. We will take on an incredible hiking journey and traverse along the picturesque Kadisha River, with its steep slope, pristine springs and waterfalls. One of the highlights of the hike will be a visit to the Qozhaya Monastery, which dates back to the 12th century. This ancient monastery holds great historical and religious significance.
Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant




Proceed to Bsharri, where we will visit the museum dedicated to the renowned Lebanese-American poet Kahlil Gibran (1883-1931). This museum pays homage to Gibran’s life and works, allowing us to gain a deeper understanding of his literary contributions. Afterwards, enjoy a leisurely walk through the Forest of the Cedars of God and embrace the natural wonders. These majestic cedar trees are believed to have been growing for an astonishing 1,500 years.

Return to Beirut

Visit Tannourine Town, where you can marvel at the three natural bridges that exist in the area. These natural formations are remarkable geological wonders found in Lebanon.


Check in at the hotel and dine at your own arrangement.

Overnight at Radisson Blu Hotel Beirut Verdun in Beirut

Day 6: Wednesday 6 December 2023: Beirut – Baalbek – Anjar – Ksara – Beirut
Breakfast at the hotel
Morning: Proceed to visit the remarkable Baalbek Temple Complex, known for being the largest Roman ruins in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Explore the three must-see temples: the Temple of Jupiter, the Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Venus. These awe-inspiring structures showcase the grandeur and architectural mastery of the ancient Roman civilisation.
Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant





Continue to visit Anjar, an ancient city that was built in the 8th century and was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984. Anjar is unique as it represents the Umayyad culture and can offer a glimpse into this specific historical era. Before returning to Beirut.

Visit the renowned Chateau Ksara. Have an opportunity to indulge in tasting some of the best local wines. Chateau Ksara is well-known for its winemaking traditions that give a delightful experience for wine enthusiasts.

Dinner at a local restaurant

Overnight at Radisson Blu Hotel Beirut Verdun in Beirut

Day 7: Thursday 7 December 2023: Beirut – Tyre – Sidon – Beirut
Breakfast at the hotel





Proceed south to visit Tyre, an ancient Phoenician city located along the west coast of Lebanon. Tyre holds historical significance as the birthplace of the prestigious Tyrian purple dye, favoured by ancient Roman and Egyptian Royals. We will explore various attractions in Tyre, including Egyptian Port, Ancient Public Baths, Roman Necropolis and Hippodrome.

Continue to visit Sidon, another ancient coastal city built by the Phoenicians. Here, we will visit notable sites such as the Crusaders’ Sea Castle, Old Souks, Debbane Palace, Saint Nicholas Cathedral and Temple of Eshmun. These landmarks offer insights into Sidon’s rich history and cultural heritage.

Noon: Lunch at a local restaurant
Afternoon: Transfer to Rafic Hariri International Airport.
19.10 Depart Beirut to Dubai by Emirates Airline flight EK954
Day 8: Friday 8 December 2023: Dubai – Bangkok
01.00 Arrive at Dubai Airport, and transfer for the flight to Bangkok.
03.05 Depart Dubai to Bangkok by Emirates Airline flight EK384
12.05 Arrive at Suvarnabhumi International Airport

The Siam Society reserves the right to change the programme as necessary.

Important notes:

– The Siam Society may utilise photos taken from study trips, lectures, performances, and other activities as part of its public relations and marketing campaign. These photos, which may sometimes contain image(s) of activity participants, can also be featured on the Society’s website and other online social media channels.


Contribution of THB 88,000 (THB 92,000 for non-members), single room surcharge of THB 13,000. A deposit of THB 40,000 and a photocopy of the identity card or identification page on your passport must accompany the booking. Your reservation will be confirmed as soon as the deposit has been made. Final payment will be required 30 days before the first date of the trip (i.e., Wednesday, 1 November 2023). There is a 3% surcharge for credit/debit card payment to cover bank charges. Please pay by cash or cheque payable to “The Siam Society”. Transfer can also be made to The Siam Society travel account at TMBThanachart Bank (ttb), saving account no. 053-2-18000-7 or by scanning the QR code on your right. Once payment has been made, please e-mail the transfer docket to us.


– The contribution includes accommodation (twin sharing basis), meals as mentioned in the programme,

transportation and sightseeing coaches, entrance fees, gratuities and other costs incurred to make this trip possible.


–  International airfares are not included in the contribution (Bangkok – Dubai – Beirut – Dubai  – Bangkok),

but for those who would like us to book their tickets, it can be arranged at the time of booking.

– Visa fees (if any), 1 meal as mentioned in the programme, personal expenses, personal food and beverage consumptions, etc.

Please note that the flight itinerary between Bangkok – Dubai – Beirut – Dubai  – Bangkok mentioned in the programme only serves as a suggestion. Trip participants are free to travel with their selection airline of choice for their journey to Beirut and their return to Bangkok.

To comply with payment and cancellation policies set forth by tour agencies and to facilitate smooth working conditions between The Siam Society and the tour agencies, please carefully read the cancellation policies stated below:

Cancellation charges

45 days before the start of the trip:                                                           Deposit forfeited

45–30 days before the start of the trip:                                                     50% of the tour cost

Less than 30 days or cancellation without notice:                                     No refund

Tourist Visa Policy

For Thai and Taiwanese passport holders will require a visa for entering Lebanon. However, our travel agent will take care of this process. Please send us a scanned file of your copy passport. Kindly be informed that the processing time will take at least one month. The visa fee will cost THB 1,100. For Americans, Europeans and Japanese passport holders, you can get the visa upon arrival at Beirut Airport with no fee of charge.

Covid-19 policy

Due to a lower number of worldwide infections, many countries have relaxed their travel restrictions and quarantine requirements regarding Covid-19.

Nevertheless, when travelling as a group, The Siam Society would like to remind you of the following measures that we have put in place:

– We kindly ask that our trip participants perform a self-administered ATK test prior to the commencement of the trip. Participants are also asked to carry with them multiple sets of ATK test kits, along with their preferred set of medicines (for consumption if infected with Covid-19.)

– In the event that trip participants are tested positive during the trip, the group will continue to follow the planned itinerary. To ensure the health and safety of all trip participants, those who tested positive shall adhere to appropriate self-isolation measures as directed by the trip leader.

– Those tested positive with severe symptoms shall be treated in accordance with the health measures stipulated by the local government. Medical costs in excess of the insurance coverage shall be at the expense of the trip participant(s).

– The Siam Society will provide health insurance for all trip participants. Medical costs in excess of the insurance coverage shall be at the expense of the trip participant.

– Our staff and local tour operators will constantly provide you with the latest updates on local health and safety regulations.

For further information and bookings please contact Khun Thun at 02-661-6470-3 ext. 205 or studytrips@thesiamsociety.org. The Society office is open from 09:00 to 17:00, Tuesday to Saturday.

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